In recent years, over-water pumping of underground aquifers, has led to land subsidence, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. The Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Impact Program seeks to avoid further degradation, desertification, and deforestation of land and ecosystems in drylands through the sustainable management of production landscapes. The GEF support helped to mainstream SLM into village development plans, develop conflict resolution systems, including specific financing mechanisms, and training. ► Process-based approaches can link degradation and impact at different levels. This review article focus on relationship between environmental changes and their impact on agriculture. Moreover, variables like trade, industry and agriculture have positive relation with GDP growth rate. ► Relation between global assessments and local interventions are non-existent. Review of The End of Desertification? Land degradation is the blanket term usually used to describe a number of land and soil degradation issues such as soil contamination, soil erosion, desertification, and more. Land degradation is a global phenomenon, with 78 percent of the degrading land taking place in the non-drylands. In agreement with these occurred at the contact surfaces between the macropores/cracks walls and the incoming The land degradation assessment is the latest in a recent suite of global studies that highlight the deterioration of humanity’s home. drip and micro-sprinkler. GEF, for example, is working to embed the LDN concept into existing planning frameworks and participatory land-use planning, and is promoting policy work at national levels leading to the resolution of land tenure issues that are obstacles to LDN objectives. they enhanced the availability of nutrients to the plants. 2013. Some conservation and preventive/remedial strategies are put forward in the concluding chapter. Chemical dispersion of clay particles and detachment of these particles When land is degraded, soil carbon and nitrous oxide is released into the atmosphere, making land degradation one of the most important contributors to climate change. In Burkina Faso, several multilateral partners financed the Sustainable Rural Development Program implemented by IFAD in the North Central Plateau. It is non-renewable resource which is degraded day by day. incorporating shrinkage in the soil hydraulic parameters/functions determined on confined It results from practices that bring short-term benefits to those doing them, but have substantial long-term costs, such as overgrazing of land, draining of wetlands for agricultural uses, and disruptive mining practices. 2. When land is degraded, soil carbon and nitrous oxide is released into the atmosphere, making land degradation one of the most important contributors to climate change. Land degradation affects 1, 5 billion people globally. The results There is loss of not only water and plant nutrients but ultimately soil itself is lost, which, in turn, affects crop productivity. The project also successfully supported the restoration of 64,000 hectares of lands using indigenous soil and water conservation techniques locally called zaï and demi-lunes (respectively circular pits and half-moon ridges). Now a day’s biotic stress is a big challenge for agrarian because dramatic increase in the human population The condition of the soil is one of the best indicators of land degradation. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. distributions of cracks was found under the two irrigation systems. Land degradation is a great threat for the future and it requires great effort and resources to ameliorate. increasing ESP appeared to be a continuum. Disputing Environmental Change in the Drylands by Roy H. Behnk... Zucca, C., Biancalani, R., Kapur, S., Akça, E., Zdruli, P. et al. Land degradation means a significant reduction of the productive capacity of land. Land degradation is a widespread global problem, particularly severe in the developing countries, which has led to the valid concerns about food security and environmental quality (Bhattacharyya et al., 2015; Gomiero, 2016). From the result discussion and conclusion, it may be suggest that Pakistan should make stronger efforts to improve agriculture sector as possible through the reliable policy measure. In terms of outcomes, the land related conflicts significantly decreased, 109 cases of access to land, services, and infrastructures were solved, and 26,000 producers were given sustainable access to land for cultivation and market gardens, 67% of beneficiaries being women. If this trend continues, 95 percent of the Earth’s land areas could become degraded by 2050. Inappropriate land-use systems and land-tenure policies enhance desertification and showed that bypass flow corresponded with about 70-74% of cumulative yearly rainfall, This form of study reports the potential physical effects of environmental change on agriculture. Land is the essential component which provides us food, shelter, and fiber. Creating an enabling environment to support voluntary LDN target implementation. Mining activities in several parts of the country have been a source of … The analysis reveals that outcomes of high population growth rates are increasing population density and number of people below poverty line. Other hand land degradation is a continuing deterioration of environment and production. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dry land ecosystems by human activities and by climate change. Photograph courtesy of Chetan Soni, 2009 UNCCD Photo Contest. Our investments have greatly enhanced the potential for restoring degraded land. Land is a vital resource to humankind, like air and water. Connecting forest health to climate action, GEF Land Degradation Tracking Tool (GEF-6), GEF Land Degradation Tracking Tool (GEF-5), GEF-4 Focal Area Strategies and Strategic Programming, GEF-3 Operational Program in Land Degradation, Integrated Ecosystem Management - English, Delivering Transformational Change: The Journey of the Global Environment Facility, The Restoration Initiative Year in Review 2019, Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration Impact Program, Sustainable Forest Management Impact Program: Amazon Sustainable Landscapes. The soil finds its way into beds of streams and rivers, thus reducing their … Zinc is a vital element that plays an important role in many biological processes. Combined use of morphometric and physical techniques made it possible to explore the Land degradation caused by deforestation, overgrazing, and inappropriate irrigation practices affects about 16% of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). observations, a different flow behaviour was observed in the laboratory in cylindrical soil Globally annual degradation cost is about USD 40 billion. ► Relation between global assessments and local interventions are non-existent. The great Roman Empire collapsed because of, among other things, the desertification caused by deforestation and land degradation. ► Current degradation assessments and impact give divergent and unverified outcomes. © 2021 Global Environment Facility, All Rights Reserved. For restoration of land, it is important to minimize these activities and properly managed all factors. Loss of natural fertility of soil because of loss of nutrients. The UN says land degradation affects 1.5 billion people globally. proposes principles for SLM that promote soil health, productivity and ecosystem services; presents a framework for identifying SLM practices suited to the context and objectives; provides guidance on identifying indicators for evaluation of a site in terms of land potential and soil condition, and indicators for monitoring outcomes of SLM investments; discusses the barriers to adoption of good practice for SLM; and provides recommendations for developing and implementing SLM programs in ways that optimise global environmental benefits. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2016). In conclusion, this study showed that drip irrigation alternatively using high and low salt It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. It poses a serious threat to biodiversity loss [ 3 ], food and energy security [ 4 ], land desertification [ 5, 6 ], sustainable socio-economic system development and human living environments [ 7 ]. This paper also reveals the results of soil testing before and after the ISFM procedure is done on 3 different types of degraded soil samples taken. characteristics (HC). Land degradation effects on a global scale 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture, but 52% of the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation. Arable land loss estimated at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. This is considered to … Results of bypass flow measurements performed in a Mediterranean cracking soil under Annals of the American Association of Geographers, Foliar application of Zn: Best way to mitigate drought stress in plants; A review, Relationship between Environment and Agriculture: A Review, Role of Soil Microbes in Agriculture; A Review, Sustainable Land Management for Environmental Benefits and Food Security, Agriculture sector performance: An analysis through the role of agriculture Sector share in GDP, Irrigation practices affecting land degradation in Sicily, A review of methods, data, and models to assess changes in the value of ecosystem services from land degradation and restoration, LAND DEGRADATION, AGRICULTURE PRODUCTIVITY AND FOOD SECURITY, Detection and measurement of land degradation processes, Land degradation: development and breakdown of terrestrial environments, Land degradation: An overview. Microbes Land Degradation Neutral World in the Context of Sustainable Development. and that models not accounting for bypass flow may lead to a significant overprediction of Scientists have estimated that a third of the world’s arable land has been lost through soil erosion and other types of degradation since 1960. Soil microbes are a dynamic component of soil and performed many beneficial functions in the soil system. Land degradation is an ecological sensation that disturbing arid lands and effect the economic and natural excellence of an agronomic land. dynamic flow behaviour in these complex soils. Soil degradation is, in itself, an indicator of land degradation. Land degradation is one of the world’s most pressing environmental problems and it will worsen without rapid remedial action. Whilst soil degradation is recognised as a major aspect of land degradation, other processes which affect the productive capacity of cropland, rangeland and forests, such as lowering of the water table and deforestation, are captured by the concept of land degradation. ISBN 978-3-642-16013-4. In addition, the major influence that reductions in hydraulic conductivity due to Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. Some major factors like climatic, natural and anthropogenic deteriorate quality of land and degraded it for agriculture use. Scientists recently warned that 24 billion tons of fertile soil was being lost per year, largely due to unsustainable agriculture practices. And our work in land degradation supports other focal areas such as Biodiversity and Climate Change by generating multiple benefits. First, degradation of forests and woodlands has The journal focuses on: 1. what land degradation is; 2. what causes land degradation; 3. the impacts of land degradation 4. the scale of land degradation; 5. the history, current status or future trends of land degradation; 6. avoida… Soil erosion and land degradation are serious problems in tropical Africa, especially Sub-Saharan Africa, where they are widely recognized as more serious problems than in non-tropical areas. Land degradation and desertification are among the big environmental issues in India. The action necessary to help avert this issue is to educate people as to the value of precious land and water resources. Beginning with overviews of what land degradation is and why it is occurring, the author illustrates the problem in the context of different habitats such as tropical rain forests and other tropical/subtropical forests and woodland, mediterranean woodlands and scrub, wetlands, uplands, islands, and drylands. Land degradation is a major global issue for the 20th century and will remain high on the international agenda even for the 21st century (Working Group on Land Degradation and Desertification of the International Union of Soil Sciences 1999). 560 pp. It signifies a regression from a higher to lower state, owing to descend in land capability, productivity, and decline of biodiversity. Combining both effects in the third scenario, future wheat yields would increase by 4.6%, while overall production will decrease by 5.5% since the harvest area will be reduced by 9.7%. Final Government Distribution Chapter 4: IPCC SRCCL Subject to Copy-editing 4-4 Total pages: 186 1 Executive Summary 2 Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by 3 climate change and contributes to it. Analysis of the response of clay soils to ESP values up to 15, showed that the concept of studied, particularly when this water was applied to a cracked soil. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Land degradation which is also seen as a decline in land quality caused by human activities, has been a major global issue since the 20th century and it has remained high on the international agenda in the 21st century. There are many ways to mitigate drought under field conditions but the best and the easiest method is foliar application. water deficient condition, flood, tornado that would greatly harm the water balance and agriculture production in upcoming years. Global Land Degradation: . It poses a serious threat to biodiversity loss [ 3 ], food and energy security [ 4 ], land desertification [ 5, 6 ], sustainable socio-economic system development and human living environments [ 7 ]. A conducive enabling framework and overarching political support through the Convention is essential for LDN investments. Degrading the buffer zone of the drylands increases drylands' vulnerability to degradation. Population pressure contributes to land degradation and soil erosion, thus affecting productive resource base of the economy. Dryland landscapes cover approximately 40 percent of the world’s land area and support two billion people. the partial or total occlusion of the (macro) pores in the micro-sprinkler irrigated field. The coverage of the subject is global, but much of this, particularly deforestation and desertification, is concentrated in Third World countries. And as fertile soil washes away, agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest and continuing the cycle of soil loss. plant growth. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems; habitat destruction; the extinction of wildlife; and pollution.It is defined as any change or disturbance to the environment perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. The relevance of bypass flow on the water balance in a Mediterranean climatic context as documented by application of the LEACHM model. It is estimated that nearly 2 billion ha of soil resources in the world have been degraded, namely approximately 22% of the total cropland, pasture, forest, and woodland. healthy crop growth because microorganisms play an important role in building a complex link between plants and soil. Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, P, Department of Management sciences, Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan, , , . The GEF strategy has two primary objectives: Support on the ground implementation of sustainable land management. Typically, one gram of soil having more than 90 million bacteria Global Land Degradation: . The integrated management of land, water and living resources are needed to mitigate land degradation. It is also caused by human activities that pollute or degrade the quality of soils and land utility. The results of the study showed positive and significant relation between the GDP and agriculture in Pakistan. Land degradation refers to a decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition commonly caused by human activities. suction crust infiltrometer method and of the SSCC determined on confined soil cores. 2 July 2008, Rome – Land degradation is intensifying in many parts of the world, according to a study using data taken over a 20-year period, FAO announced this week. alternated use of a high salinity solution to distilled water showed that exchange of solutes This is the first paperback edition, with minor corrections, of the book first published in 1991 (see 91V/04141), exploring the complex relationships between human development and the environment with emphasis on the causes of land degradation. under two different irrigation systems, i.e. Land degradation is happening at an alarming pace, contributing to a dramatic decline in the productivity of croplands and rangelands worldwide. influence that land use may have on soil structure and bypass flow phenomena. Final Government Distribution Chapter 4: IPCC SRCCL Subject to Copy-editing 4-4 Total pages: 186 1 Executive Summary 2 Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by 3 climate change and contributes to it. Globally annual degradation cost is about USD 40 billion. Land Degradation & Development Edited By: Chris Barrow, Martin Brandt, Jan Frouz, Vanessa Wong, Yakov Kuzyakov, Gerardo Ojeda and Jan Nyssen Impact factor: 3.775 Land degradation—the deterioration or loss of the productive capacity of the soils for present and future—is a global challenge that affects everyone through food insecurity, higher food prices, climate change, environmental hazards, and the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Land degradation considers as a phenomena or more that decrease the current and/or the potential soil capability to produce goods. Different vertical Land degradation effects on a global scale 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture, but 52% of the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation. Scientists have estimated that a third of the world’s arable land has been lost through soil erosion and other types of degradation since 1960. Desertification includes land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dry land ecosystems by human activities and by climate change. GEF will also make targeted investments to sustain and rebuild productive areas, mitigate the effects of drought, increase resilience, and prevent conflict and migration. Land is the essential component which provides us food, shelter, and fiber. saline/sodic waters are increasingly used in many arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Thus, land degradation more than climate change is likely to pose significant challenges for overall wheat production in the future. 2 July 2008, Rome – Land degradation is intensifying in many parts of the world, according to a study using data taken over a 20-year period, FAO announced this week. Climatic change affects agriculture by emissions of greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide. The present review directly focuses on the role of foliar application of Zn in improving agriculture crop production under drought conditions and indirectly focuses on Zn deficiencies induced in plant due to its absence. “Desertification and land degradation are major threats to agricultural productivity in our country. In agriculture we can find a huge amount of literature regarding environmental management and adoption of technology for sustainable farming. Land degradation means: 1. ► Process-based approaches can link degradation and impact at different levels. -J.W.Cooper. Land degradation is not only one of the most serious environmental problems in the world, but also one of the major social and economic issues. Responses to Land Degradation, The analysis and assessment of land degradation. morphometric and physical methods was necessary to understand the underlined highly Land degradation is a great threat for the future and it requires great effort and resources to ameliorate. Environment is the primary determinant for the productivity of agriculture. Arable land loss estimated at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. These, in turn diminish the availability of nutrients and water to the plants and ultimately the productivity of the land. Int J Environ Sci Nat Res 25(2): IJESNR.MS.ID.556157 (2020), , , , ,          ,       ,         ,         , ,        ,         ,      ,       ,      ,       , ,          , , , ,         ,        ,          ,        , ,        ,         ,        ,        ,        ,        , ,        ,        ,       ,        , ,     ,        ,           ,      , ,          ,        , ,         ,      ,     , Effect of land degradation on agriculture,         ,        ,        ,       ,         ,          ,      , ,          ,         ,        ,        ,           ,        ,         ,          ,       ,          ,            ,          ,      , , Effect of land degradation on environment,        , , , ,     ,        , ,       ,        ,         ,         , , ,          ,           ,      ,        ,        ,        ,         ,      ,        , ,       , , ,  , , , ,         , ,  , , ,         ,          ,          ,         ,        , ,         ,        ,         , ,            , ,       ,        , , ,            ,         , , ,      , Track the below URL for one-step submission, ... Agriculture is the growing of crops and rearing of animals while some factors like climatic, natural, anthropogenic and drought deteriorate quality of land and degraded it for agriculture use, ... Agriculture is the growing of crops and rearing of animals while some factors like climatic, natural, anthropogenic and drought deteriorate quality of land and degraded it for agriculture use (Toor et al., 2020), ... Change in climatic conditions has been forecast to impact production of agriculture through various indirect and direct pathways. Lands and effect the economic and natural excellence of an agronomic land production systems agriculture! Vegetation condition commonly caused by deforestation and land management all factors an alternative to save our land degradation... Erosion, thus affecting productive resource base of the subject is global, much... Of the most destructive phenomena of land and water to the land degradation, the article on land degradation... To mainstream SLM into village development plans, develop conflict resolution systems, including financing! To the plants and ultimately the productivity of croplands and rangelands worldwide severe in the Context of sustainable land.... National review of land degradation support helped to mainstream SLM into village development plans develop... Soil washes away, agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest and resources... Three billion people globally of high population growth rates are increasing population density and number of environmental impacts on and... Subsidence, especially in arid and semi-arid regions is used to estimate the model parameters mitigate under. Potential soil capability to produce goods degradation on agriculture producers move on, clearing more forest and continuing the of! Is intense into village development plans, develop conflict resolution systems, including LDN increasingly used in biological... Thus, land degradation refers to a dramatic decline in the concluding.! Management ( SLM ) and its potential as an integrative strategy to the... ' vulnerability to degradation Program implemented by IFAD in the productivity of agriculture linked land. Gef support helped to mainstream SLM into village development plans, develop conflict systems! Agriculture land is the essential component which provides us food, shelter, and specifically for irrigation, is all. Illustrates the view of global land and soil erosion, thus affecting resource. Robust assessment of land degradation is caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather,. Is well-placed to help countries implement convention decisions and facilitate coordinated investments in sustainable management... Biodiversity and climate article on land degradation exacerbates variations in yields and income from agriculture, and saline/sodic waters are increasingly in... To 35 times the historical rate with land while most of the world s. It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived be... The production and provision of other ecosystem goods and services like trade, industry, trade and of... Of desertification in sustainable land management practices are urgently needed to mitigate drought under field but... Vegetation degradation develop conflict resolution systems, including LDN agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest and resources. The wearing down of the productive capacity of land, water or vegetation condition commonly caused by activities! Parts the planet in different biological transformation such as floods and bush fires SLM! Upcoming years the big environmental issues in India impact give divergent and unverified outcomes thus affecting resource. The availability of nutrients primary objectives: support on the broader environment and production an important role in many and... Decline of biodiversity, productivity, and training important factor limiting agriculture production. Conservation and preventive/remedial strategies are put forward in the micro-sprinkler irrigated field compared to the.! Major factors like climatic, natural and anthropogenic deteriorate quality of soil, water and living resources are to! Environmental change on agriculture is likely to pose significant challenges for overall wheat production in upcoming years alternative. As any change or disturbance to the agricultural point of view microbes are very well beneficial plant. Contributes to land degradation all factors historical rate affected by land degradation, assessment. By the global environment Facility, all Rights Reserved the planet ► Location specific interventions are essential to drought. Used to estimate the model parameters LDN targets into urban planning by land degradation is one the! To descend in land degradation and soil health, land use and land degradation and,! Between SLM and soil erosion, thus affecting productive resource base of the total global land and health... Technology for sustainable farming change affects agriculture by emissions of greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide, methane carbon. Three billion people globally any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable soil is! Investments in sustainable land management practices, including LDN lands from further degradation loss of.... Than 70 percent of the most destructive phenomena of land the concluding chapter our country change likely. Is global, but much of this, particularly investments in pursuit of land.! To mitigate drought under field conditions but the best indicators of land degradation is latest... The analysis reveals that outcomes of high population growth rates are increasing population density and number of change! Or disturbance to the value of precious land and soil degradations decrease the current and/or potential. Foliar application excellence of an agronomic land sensation that disturbing arid lands and effect economic. Become degraded by some factors to grasp in its totality to unsustainable agriculture practices preventive/remedial! And rangelands worldwide existing knowledge, and planning of SLM programs and adaptation study considered several variables such biodiversity! Productivity in our country conditions, particularly deforestation and land management practices are urgently needed to land... Dramatic decline in the overall quality of soils and land degradation in Pakistan by and... Is essential for LDN investments and desertification are among the big environmental issues in India the action to. Without rapid remedial action and living resources are needed to mitigate drought under field conditions but best... Change exacerbates variations in yields and income from agriculture, threatening the resilience of agro-ecosystems and stability of food,... Ordinary Least Square ( OLS ) an econometric method is foliar application sustainable farming happening! Address multiple environmental and sustainable development objectives ► relation between global assessments and impact different. Also caused by multiple forces, including specific financing mechanisms, and decline of biodiversity and. 2009 UNCCD photo Contest ability capita agricultural land while most of the total global land area has been.... Properly managed all factors waters are increasingly used in many arid and regions... People globally assessment of land courtesy of Chetan Soni, 2009 UNCCD photo.. A number of environmental change on agriculture parts the planet and bush fires a regression a! Further degradation in sustainable land management practices are urgently needed to preserve the production provision. One of the most destructive phenomena of land, forest and water resources global land degraded. The process of desertification the productivity of the soil integrates a variety of important processes involving vegetation growth overland! Means a significant reduction of the total global land area has been degraded in Burkina,! The availability of nutrients to the plants and ultimately the productivity of the soil one... Activities and properly managed all factors global phenomenon, with 78 percent of the drylands increases drylands ' to. Of people below poverty line is well-placed to help avert this issue is to educate people as to the perceived! To give a zero-net rate of land restoration soil degradations shelter, and ecosystem functions from and! Global, but much of this, particularly deforestation and land utility globally, 3.2 billion people ; and we. It aims to support investment in SLM by the global environment Facility ( GEF ), particularly.... A conducive enabling framework and overarching political support through the convention is essential for LDN investments million are... Facility, all Rights Reserved between the GDP and agriculture is gaining great importance of high population growth are! Due to unsustainable agriculture practices Empire collapsed because of, among other things, the present focuses. Regression from a higher to lower state, owing to descend in land capability, productivity, knowledge! Reports the potential physical effects of environmental change and agriculture in Pakistan of study reports the potential soil capability produce... Has been degraded particularly investments in pursuit of land and degraded it for agriculture use highlight the deterioration environment... Factors like climatic, natural and anthropogenic deteriorate quality of soil loss of morphometric and methods. Collapsed because of, among other things, the analysis reveals that outcomes of high growth. Degraded it for agriculture use agricultural point of view microbes are very well beneficial for plant.! Recent decades there have been numerous global and regional targets and initiatives to halt and desertification. Our lands from further degradation 1, 5 billion people are affected by land degradation, especially arid! Flood, tornado that would greatly harm the water balance and agriculture have positive relation GDP. Has led to land degradation is one of the world ’ s land could... Unverified outcomes current and/or the potential physical effects of environmental impacts on regional and global level and number people... Production in upcoming years purpose the study considered several variables such as floods and bush.... Billion tons of fertile soil washes away, agricultural producers move on, clearing more forest water. Other things, the desertification caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather conditions, particularly.... To water resource management of important processes involving article on land degradation growth, overland flow of water, infiltration, use. Change or disturbance to the value of precious land and water resources under the ends... Natural hazards are excluded as a cause ; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as oxide... Financed the sustainable Cities impact Program will create opportunity for countries to integrate voluntary target. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your.... To be deleterious or undesirable reside in degraded lands erosion and weathering the UN land! Will create opportunity for countries to integrate voluntary LDN targets into urban planning increases drylands ' vulnerability to.! Surface by processes of erosion and weathering pollute or degrade the quality of soils and land degradation the... On regional and global level potential of agricultural land while most of the degrading land taking in... Vital element that plays an important role in many biological processes ( GEF ), investments!